Losing one of the most vital faculties, like hearing, can be extremely traumatic for someone. They may feel aloof, isolated, and ignored. However, the good news in most cases, is hearing loss isn’t a sudden occurrence.
It could be a result of the wrong habits adding up to gradually losing the ability to hear. Here are the most common causes of hearing loss in people:
Auditory loss affects 3 in 1000 newborns. Although, the hearing loss is congenital, it can worsen later on in childhood or during adulthood years. In some cases children who are born with a hearing loss usually have parents with hearing ability.
This is where genetics come in. Certain defects in the parent genes are dormant and only surface after a certain number of births. Genetics are responsible for around 50% of hearing defects at birth. 25 genes discovered are actively responsible for hearing loss in the newborn.
Alongside genetics, certain illnesses during pregnancy can cause birth defects like German measles, syphilis, and herpes. These diseases can harm the fetus and result in a hearing loss when the baby is born.
Damage and Injury
A sudden, hard blow to the ear or the head can shift the positions of the three bones within the mid-ear which are responsible for sending auditory signals to the inner ear. A severe accident to the head can also result in a ruptured eardrum, which causes permanent hearing loss.
Sometimes, even a seemingly light hit could actually be quite forceful for the delicate bones inside the ears, and may forever damage hearing abilities.
An abrupt blast of loud noise or listening to blaring music for prolonged periods can rupture the eardrum. Plugging in earphones too deep into the ear while listening to music builds up pressure overtime and can also cause temporary damage.
It is important to keep earphone usage to a minimum or lightly fasten them in the ears to avoid any risks of hearing loss.
Loud music is not the only culprit. Exposure to loud occupational noises in construction areas, factories, and farming jobs can also affect one’s hearing ability. It may lead to permanent damage if the noise exposure is not reduced. Blast explosions, sounds of jet engines, and firearms can also be a potential cause.
Certain drug interactions in the body can also impair hearing abilities. These drugs are known as ototoxic medicines causing symptoms like ringing in the ears and other balance disorders. They’re usually taken to treat cancer, infections, and heart diseases. Drug damage can be reversed if discontinued on time but may lead to permanent hearing loss upon acute damage.
Infection and Tumors
An existing infection or tumor in the body, particularly in the head or ear, can cause hearing loss as well. Acoustic Neuroma is a condition where the victim may hear constant ringing in the ears due to a developing tumor.
With knowing how sensitive our ears are, it’s extremely important to ditch all habits potentially contributing to the harming of your ears.